A guardian can be a de facto or a de jure one. Legal guardians and those appointed by the court are de jure guardians. A father is the natural guardian of a child under the age of 18 years under the GWA.
As opposed to a de jure guardian, a person, like the mother, brother, uncle, other relations except father and father’s father, or an institution like an orphanage, may voluntarily place himself or herself in charge of the person or property of the minor; a mother, however, is the next possible guardian after a father, unless the latter, by his will, has appointed another person as the guardian of the child. She under certain circumstances can appoint a guardian by will. She can do so during the lifetime of her husband if he is incapable of acting; or after his death. A de facto guardian, as opposed to a de jure guardian, is merely a custodian of the person and property of the minor.
- Child Custody
- Minor’s meeting
- Certificate of Guardianship of Minor
- Management of Property of Minors
- Appointment of Wali
- Dismissal of appointment of Wali and Guardian
- Maintenance of Minor
- Guardianship of minors
- Appointment of Guardian
- Child visitation
- Legitimacy of children
- International abduction of Children